Oldest Names in History

30 Old English Names Inspired by Queens, Royals, and Kings of Mercia

Old English Names Inspired by Mercian Royal Family

Mercia (or Kingdom of Mercia), one of the seven kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England. In this article, we have compiled a list of 30 Old English names inspired by Queens, Royals, and Kings of Mercia.

All sources can be found at the end of the article.

 

Aelfled

Name meaning: blanch, elf, fairy.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Historical reference: Aelfflaed, daughter of King Offa.

Different variations: Elfled, Aelfeld, Aelflaed, Elfa, Elfia.

 

Aelfwynn

Name meaning: fairy friend, elf friend.

Years of activity: 10th century.

Historical reference: Aelfwynn, Queen of Mercia (for a short period of time), daughter of Queen Aethelflaed.

Different variations: Elfwynn, Elfwin, Elfwinna, Elfwynna, Elwynn, Aelfwynna, Aelfwinna.

 

Aethelflaed

Name meaning: illustrious, honorable, noble.

Years of activity: 10th century.

Etymology: name derived from Old English athel or aetel (translated as noble).

Historical reference: Aethelflaed, Queen of Mercia.

Different variations: Ethelfled, Aethelfled, Ethel, Ethelfled, Etelfled, Aethel, Ethelfledda, Ethelfleada.

 

Aethelred

Name meaning: noble.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Aethelred, ruler of Mercia, son of Penda.

Different variations: Ethelred, Etelret, Aethel, Etelred, Ethelret.

 

Beorhtwulf

Name meaning: bright wolf, prominent wolf.

Years of activity: 9th century.

Historical reference: Beorhtwulf, ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Berhtwulf, Bertwolf, Bertwulf, Beowulf, Berthwyll, Beornwulf.

 

Beornred

Name meaning: young advisor, yound counsel.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: derived from Old English bearn (meaning young or child) and raed (meaning advice).

Historical reference: Beornred, ruler of Mercia (for a short period of time).

Different variations: Beornraed, Berned, Bernred, Bjornred, Bearnred.

 

Ceolred

Name meaning: chief on the ship, captain.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: name derived from Old English ceol (translated as ship) and raed (translated as advice).

Historical reference: Ceolred, ruler of Mercia, son of Aethelred.

Different variations: Elred, Elret, Kelred, Celred.

 

Coenred

Name meaning: general counsel, general advisor.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: originated from Old English raed (meaning council or advice) and coen (meaning common or general).

Historical reference: Coenred, ruler of Mercia, son of Wulfar.

Different variations: Kenred, Cenret, Kaenred, Kenreth, Cenred.

 

Creoda

Name meaning: uncertain, may derived from Latin roda (meaning wheel or to run).

Years of activity: 6th century.

Historical reference: Creoda, ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Krida, Kreoda, Crida, Krioda.

 

Cyneborna

Name meaning: of royal birth, royal lineage.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Etymology: name derived from Old English cyne (translated as royal) and ‎boren (translated as born).

Historical reference: Cyneburh, daughter of King Pybba.

Different variations: Quenburga, Kyneburga, Seinborn, Seiborna, Cyneborga, Cyneburh.

 

Eadburh

Name meaning: flourishing, prosperous, fortified.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: originated from Old English ead (meaning prosperity) and burh (meaning fortified).

Historical reference: Eadburh, daughter of Offa and Quindrida.

Different variations: Edaburh, Eidaburg, Eidaburga, Eadberra.

 

Ecgfrith

Name meaning: fight for peace.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: name derived from Old English frith (translated as safeness or peace) and ecg (translated as edge of the sword).

Historical reference: Ecgfrith, ruler of Mercia, son of King Offa.

Different variations: Egfrith, Ecfrith, Eckfrith.

 

Elfrit

Name meaning: strong as an elf, fabulously strong.

Years of activity: late 8th century.

Etymology: originated from Old English aelf (meaning fairy or elf) and thrith (meaning force).

Historical reference: Aelfthryth, Queen consort of Mercia, wife of Coenwulf.

Different variations: Aelfthryth, Aelfrid, Aelfrida, Elfrida.

 

Ermenhilda

Name meaning: famous in battle, great in battle.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Eormenhild, wife of Wulfar of Mercia.

Different variations: Elmenhilde, Eormenn, Eormenna, Elmenhilda.

 

Eowa

Name meaning: uncertain, may mean tall ol large.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Eowa, son of King Pybba.

Different variations: Aowa, Eova, Eywa, Eawa.

 

Ethelbald

Name meaning: nobleman.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Historical reference: Aethelbald, ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Aethel, Etelbald, Ethelbalt.

 

Ethelburga

Name meaning: knightly, noble, fortified.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: name derived from Old English aethel (translated as noble) and burh (translated as fortified).

Historical reference: Aethelburh, daughter of King Offa.

Different variations: Ethelburgha, Etelburga, Etelberge, Ethelburhe, Aethelburga.

 

Kearl

Name meaning: rural, peasant (from Old English ceorl).

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Cearl, ruler of Mercia, son of Pybba.

Different variations: Cerl, Kerl, Kerlon, Cerlon.

 

Kenwulph

Name meaning: wolf.

Years of activity: late 8th century.

Historical reference: Coenwulf, ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Kenwulf, Caenwulf, Caenwulph, Cenwulf.

 

Offa

Name meaning: morsel.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Historical reference: Offa, ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Oppa, Offella, , Offfo, Offula.

 

Osthryth

Name meaning: strength, might, power.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Osthryth, Queen consort of Mercia, wife of Aethelred.

Different variations: Ostrit, Oistrit, Ostright.

 

Peada

Name meaning: thriving, prosperous.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Peada, ruler of Mercia (for a short period of time), son of Penda.

Different variations: Pada, Padda, Eadda.

 

Penda

Name meaning: ending, border.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Penda, ruler of Mercia, son of Pybba.

Different variations: Penta.

 

Pybba

Name meaning: undefined, may mean the blade of a sword.

Years of activity: late 6th century.

Historical reference: Pybba, ruler of Mercia, son of King Creoda.

Different variations: Wubba, Pibba, Pubba.

 

Quindrida

Name meaning: royal strength, royal power.

Years of activity: 8th century.

Etymology: originated from Old English cyne (meaning royal) and thrith (meaning power).

Historical reference: Cynethryth (or Quindreda), Queen consort of Mercia, wife of Offa.

Different variations: Synetrite, Quindreda, Synetritta, Cwenthryth, Cynethryth.

 

Saethryth

Name meaning: the power of the sea.

Years of activity: 9th century.

Etymology: name derived from Old English sae (translated as sea) and thrith (translated as strength).

Historical reference: Saethryth, wife of Beorhtwulf.

Different variations: Saetrit, Saethryd, Sethrida, Seithryth.

 

Waerburga

Name meaning: cautious, wary, fortified, on guard.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Waerburgh, daughter of Wulfar of Mercia.

Different variations: Vereburga, Waerby, Waerburra, Warburga.

 

Wiglaf

Name meaning: legacy of war.

Years of activity: 9th century.

Historical reference: Wiglaf, ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Viglaf, Wiglat, Weiglaf, Wiglaph.

 

Wigmund

Name meaning: hand of war.

Years of activity: 9th century.

Historical reference: Wigmund, ruler of Mercia, son of Wiglaf.

Different variations: Vigmund, Wigmunn, Wigmunt.

 

Wulfar

Name meaning: glorious wolf, great wolf.

Years of activity: 7th century.

Historical reference: Wulfhere (or Wulfar), ruler of Mercia.

Different variations: Wulfhart, Wulfherr.

 

Thanks for reading. If our list of Old English names was helpful to you, please share it.

Sources:

  1. Ecclesiastical History of the English People, Venerable Bede
  2. The History of the Britons, Nennius
  3. A First Book of Old English, Albert Stanburrough Cook

Authors: Abel Schmidt and D. Zali.

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